Target baby registration will be the world’s largest baby registry, the world leaders at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, said on Wednesday.
The Global Forum for Population and Development said it will create a system to collect and store information about children born to parents who have been targeted with thalidomyotocin (TMT), the chemical that causes the fatal birth defect called toxoplasmosis.
The database, which will be overseen by the World Health Organization (WHO), will enable governments to track and prevent child deaths, prevent miscarriages and stillbirths and ensure access to safe vaccines.
The WHO said it would use the database to identify “child rights and human rights abuses” in targeted countries and to protect children from exploitation.
“This will be an indispensable tool to protect vulnerable populations,” WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan said in a statement.
Toxoplasmos can be fatal if injected into pregnant women.
It can also cause miscarriages, birth defects and other birth defects.
The World Health Organisation says there are currently more than 1.5 million TMT victims worldwide, of whom about 500,000 are babies.
In 2015, a US-based anti-TMT charity, Save the Children, was awarded a $1.6bn (£1.1bn) grant by the WHO to develop and scale up a TMT registry in the US, according to its website.
The United Nations says it has reported more than 7,700 cases of TMT in the United States since 2000.
“The world’s top healthcare providers, governments, private and public sector organisations and others will now be able to track, track, collect and share information on thousands of thousands of children,” WHO chief Margaret Chan told the forum.
“With the world at risk of potentially a massive pandemic, we must find a way to protect our children from this pandemic.”
In December, a report by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that more than one in five TMT deaths were linked to the drug.